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摇臂钻床向数控化发展的潮流方向

2020-07-15 22:40来源:未知浏览:

长期以来,国产数控机床始终处于“低档机床迅速膨胀,中档机床进展缓慢,高档机床依靠进口”的局面,特别是国家重点工程项目中所 需要的关键设备主要依靠进口,技术受制于人。究其原因,国内数控机床企业大多处于“粗放型”阶段:在产品设计水平、质量、精度和性能 等方面与国外先进水平相比差距明显。

目前,数控机床产业正处于快速发展期。我国的机床企业面临看千载难逢的发展机遇,国家也投入了大量的专项资金进行新型数控机 床的研制以及传统机床的数控改造。我们每一位机床行业相关的开发者、设计者和管理者都应该把握这大好机遇,不断开发新产品,把设 计思路甶“粗放型”向“高精型”转变。

摇臂钻床适用于在大、中型工件上钻孔、扩孔、铰孔、锪平面及攻螺纹等工作,在具有工艺装备的条件下可以进行镗孔,是钻削加工 的主要设备之一,作为传统的老产品已有数百年的发展历史。但是,传统的摇臂钻床几乎完全是手工操作,操作起来比较费事,已经不能适 应于当前机床数控化的潮流。因此开发电子摇臂钻床是现阶段一个非常重要的方向。

目前,在传统摇臂钻床的基础上,采用PLC和变频器控制进行电子化改造的摇臂钻床,从设计到实现都体现了电子技术在普通钻床中改进的重要性,这种改造是摇臂钻床未来的发展方向。

对传统摇臂钻床的电子化改造,虽然一次性投资较大,但改造后的电子摇臂钻床大大降低了运行的故曈率,提高了设备运行的稳定性和生产效率:减轻了工人的劳动强度,降低了日常维护成本,并可避免因误操作而引起的事故。从实用性、经济性、效率性上来看,电子摇臂钻床比普通摇臂钻床在各方面都有了很大的提高。改造后的摇臂钻床经使用运行,效果非常理想。

相信经过不断地改进,国产的数控机床都将向“高精型”逐渐转变:功能越来越齐全、性能不断地完善:我国的机床品牌必持在国际上占有重要的一席。

 

 

For a long time, domestic CNC machine tools have always been in the situation of "rapid expansion of low-grade machine tools, slow progress of medium-sized machine tools, and import of high-end machine tools". In particular, the key equipment needed in national key projects mainly relies on imports, and the technology is controlled by people. The reason is that most of the domestic CNC machine tool enterprises are in the "extensive" stage: there is an obvious gap between the domestic CNC machine tool enterprises and the foreign advanced level in terms of product design level, quality, precision and performance.

At present, CNC machine tool industry is in a period of rapid development. China's machine tool enterprises are faced with a once-in-a-lifetime development opportunity. The state has also invested a lot of special funds for the development of new CNC machine tools and the transformation of traditional machine tools. Every developer, designer and manager of machine tool industry should seize this opportunity, develop new products constantly, and change the design idea from "extensive" to "high-precision".

Radial drilling machine is suitable for drilling, reaming, reaming, countersinking and tapping on large and medium-sized workpieces. It can be used for boring under the condition of technological equipment. It is one of the main drilling equipment. As a traditional old product, it has a history of hundreds of years. However, the traditional radial drilling machine is almost completely manual operation, which is more laborious and can not adapt to the current trend of CNC machine tools. Therefore, the development of electronic radial drilling machine is a very important direction at this stage.

At present, on the basis of the traditional radial drilling machine, the electronic transformation of the radial drilling machine controlled by PLC and frequency converter reflects the importance of electronic technology improvement in ordinary drilling machine from design to implementation. This transformation is the future development direction of radial drilling machine.

Although the electronic transformation of traditional radial drilling machine has a large one-time investment, the reformed electronic radial drilling machine greatly reduces the failure rate of operation, improves the stability and production efficiency of equipment operation, reduces the labor intensity of workers, reduces the daily maintenance cost, and avoids accidents caused by misoperation. In terms of practicability, economy and efficiency, the electronic radial drilling machine has been greatly improved compared with the ordinary radial drilling machine in all aspects. The effect of the reformed radial drilling machine is very ideal.

It is believed that after continuous improvement, domestic CNC machine tools will gradually change to "high-precision type": the functions will be more and more complete, and the performance will be constantly improved. China's machine tool brands will hold an important position in the world.

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